Imam Abubakar Shekau

Wanted Boko Haram leader,  Abubakar Shekau,  could be tried  for terrorism  in the United States  or in courts of partner nations if caught, the U.S. Acting Assistant Director of Diplomatic Security Threat Investigations and Analysis Directorate,   Kurt Rice, has said.

Rice whose country on Monday placed $23m bounties on five leaders of terrorist groups in West Africa, including Shekau, spoke at a joint tele-news conference with David Gilmour, Deputy Assistant Secretary for African Affairs.

The joint tele-news conference coincided with President Goodluck Jonathan’s approval of the  proscription of Boko Haram and Jama’atu Ansarul  Muslimina Fi Biladis Sudan  and the gazetting of an order declaring the group’s activities illegal and acts of terrorism.

During the  conference which was aired to audiences in Abuja, Lagos,  Accra in Ghana,  Dakar in Senegal and Niamey in Niger Republic, Rice also explained that the highest bounty of $7m was placed on  Shekau because the US had “seen increases in the terrorist capabilities of the Boko Haram” under his leadership.

Rice said the major aim of placing bounties was  to bring the terrorists to account in courts in the US or before courts of partner nations where they (terrorists) operate.

“The whole exercise is to bring these people before American  courts or  of partner nations whether it be  in Nigeria; whether it be anywhere in North or West Africa,’’ he said when asked where the terrorists would be likely tried.

He also explained that the intent of Washington in offering the rewards through the Justice Programme   was “to work with our Nigerian partners to try and make (Nigeria)  a more stable and secure area.”

Rice, who expressed the hope that the capture of  Shekau would “check” the deadly attacks by Boko Haram in the Northern part of Nigeria, added that  the US had through the Justice programme   paid out $125m (about N19.8bn) to more than 80 people, who provided information leading to the arrests of terrorists  since 1984.

“The fact is that this is a shared fight against terrorism. This is one tool we have against terrorism and we find that overtime it has been enormously effective and it has saved a lot of lives and we want to continue doing that,”he said.

But he stressed that the US  would carefully vet information provided by individuals on the whereabouts of the   Boko Haram leader. He added that persons who have links with Shekau or any terrorist organisation who provide information about him  would not benefit from the $7m bounty.

Rice said, “The Reward for Justice programme is meant to get information from people who have been horrified by terrorist acts worldwide and want to prevent this type of thing.

“We don’t pay rewards to terrorist organisations. The fact is that we are looking for information and when we get the information we will carefully vet it before reward is ever paid out: to be absolutely sure that the people who are worthy of the awards are not connected with terrorist organisations and they don’t ever get a cent of this money.”

Also speaking, Gilmour ruled out suggestions that the $7m  (N1.1bn) bounty offered on the head of Shekau could be counter-productive to Nigeria government amnesty offer for the insurgents.

Gilmour reiterated the US  position that security-based solution was not the only way to address the current security challenges in Nigeria.

He said Washington  recognises that in  Northern Nigeria,  there are  legitimate grievances such as social inequality and youth unemployment.

Gilmour therefore urged “the Nigerian government to take seriously those grievances of the general population of Northern Nigeria.’’

To security operatives, currently conducting military operations in three North Eastern states, under a state of emergency, he advised  them to try and build the confidence of the population to keep them safe.

He said, “We’ve made the point that security forces particularly need to build the confidence of the population. This is something that we’ve seen around the world with insurgencies and these types of situations.

“The population needs to have the confidence in the government to keep them safe and the government needs to be responsive to the needs of the people.”

Under the latest reward programme,  the US  offered $5m  reward on Al-Qaeda’s Mokhtar Belmokhtar, accused  of being responsible for the Algerian gas plant attack that killed three Americans and 34 other foreigners in January.

An additional $5m  was offered to help arrest AQIM leader Yahya Abou Al-Hammam, believed to have been involved in the murder of an elderly French hostage in Niger in 2010.

The reward  programme also targeted Malik Abou Abdelkarim, a senior fighter with AQIM, and Oumar Ould Hamaha, the spokesman for Mali’s Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa.

But as the US defended the bounty on Shekau, the Northern Elders Forum  argued that it  could complicate  issues relating to the  Boko Haram  insurgency.

The Spokesman for the NEF, Prof. Ango Abdullahi, said this in a telephone interview with  one of our correspondents in Abuja, on Tuesday.

Explaining the implication of the   action, Abdullahi said, “I still believe that the insurgents have concentrated on our national institutions so far as far as I can analyse. If there is sufficient lobby or pressure for outside powers to come in for whatever reason, then perhaps, this issue is likely to be a little bit more complicated than it is.

Meanwhile,  the  Special Adviser to the President on Media and Publicity, Dr. Reuben Abati, has said that the proscription of Boko Haram  and Jama’atu Ansarul  Muslimina Fi Biladis Sudan   has   been gazetted as the Terrorism (Prevention) (Proscription Order) Notice 2013.

 He said in a statement on Tuesday that the President’s approval of the order was in pursuant  to Section 2 0f the Terrorism Prevention Act, 2011 (As Amended).

According to Abati, the  approval by Jonathan  officially brings the activities of both groups within the purview of the Terrorism Prevention Act and any persons associated with the two groups can now be legally prosecuted and sentenced.

The statement reads in part, “The proscription order warns the general public that any person ‘participating in any form of activities involving or concerning the collective intentions of the said groups will be violating the provisions of the Terrorism Prevention Act.

“Section 5 (1) of the Act prescribes a term of imprisonment of not less than 20 years for any person who knowingly, in any manner, directly  or indirectly, solicits or renders support for the commission of an act of terrorism or to a terrorist group.

“For the purposes of subsection (1) of section, ‘support’ includes –

(a) incitement to commit a terrorist act through the Internet, or any electronic means or through the use of printed materials or through the dissemination of terrorist information;

“(b) receipt or provision of material assistance, weapons including biological, chemical or nuclear weapons, explosives, training, transportation, false documentation or identification to terrorists or terrorist groups;

“(c) receipt or provision of information or moral assistance, including invitation to adhere to a terrorist or terrorist group;

“(d) entering or remaining in a country for the benefit of, or at the direction of or in association with a terrorist group; or

“(e) the provision of, or making available, such financial or other related services prohibited under this Act or as may be prescribed by regulations made pursuant to this Act.”